CHIOS



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Chios - The NW of the Island - The North Coast to Aghiasmata

The North Coast to Aghiasmata

The route east, which winds from ravine to ravine, high above the largely deserted north coast, is densely forested and well-watered. In Antiquity this area produced ‘Ariousion wine’—the most famous wine to be produced on an island already famed for its wines in general. The Chiots of the Classical era were over-fond of it according to Aristophanes, who contrasted them with the sober inhabitants of the island of Keos (Kea). A distant descendant of this wine is still to be had in the attractive village of Kourounia (33km from Volissos). There is epigraphic evidence of a cult of Hercules at Kourounia; And at Aphrodi­sia (38km), the name itself suggests a cult of the goddess of love. From Aphrodi­sia, a branch road plunges down into the ravine towards Aghiasmata. The small community of Keramos at the head of the valley, 2.3km below, still conserves some of the ruined mine-buildings associated with the extraction of antimony. This is an area generally rich in minerals and the hot thermal waters which rise by the sea at Aghiasmata (44.5km) derive their curative qualities from this. These therapeutic powers have been appreciated and used continuously since Byzantine times, if not for longer, and are mentioned with approval by visitors and writers from the 17th century on. This makes it additionally sad that the place today has such an abandoned and uncared-for feel. The springs, where the water rises at 68Β°C, are at the western edge of the beach, just beyond the abandoned bath-house on the shore; The water is now pumped from a concrete hut over the springs directly back to the Hydrotherapy Spa, which lies in the floor of the valley, 500m to the south. At the moment, this is only open from July to September; The curative waters remain inaccessible for the rest of the year. In compensation, the cliffs nearby are good for collecting samphire.
   By the direct route south along the valley between the Amani­ and Pelinnai­on massifs, Aghiasmata is only 19km from Volissos. After the watershed above Aphrodi­sia, the road descends with vistas across the wide spaces of the central area of the island. The nature of this area has been transformed by past fires and by the abandonment of a number of the villages; As a result, a very different vegetation from before has grown up, followed by a different fauna. These upland grassy areas are now the terrain of the woodchat shrike and of the rare Cinereous bunting, a muted version of its commoner cousin, the Red-headed bunting.
   Near Nea Potamia (7km from Volissos) are two of the abandoned villages: Palia Potamia, 1km above its modern namesake to which the inhabitants have since moved; And the evocative area of Tamarkou, or more accurately, Ta Markou (3.5km below, by the road to Pispilounta). This is a mediaeval settlement with fortress tower, churches, and roofless houses, overgrown with vegetation and abandoned since the beginning of the last century.

 

Chios Island is part of the Northern Aegean Island group
The NW of the Island. The North Coast to Aghiasmata.


Random information you might what to know about Chios Island
Archaeolgical Museum of Chios
Marmor Chium

 

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access

Chios Island, Greece.

By air: Domestic flights from Athens, three times daily with Olympic Air and twice daily with Aegean Airlines, serve Chios throughout the year. Five days a week there are Olympic Air connections with Thessaloniki, including a twice weekly local, Eastern Aegean route, from Thessaloniki to Rhodes , via Lemnos, Mytilini and (once a week only) Samos . The airport is 3km from the centre of Chios town.
By boat: The principal route—Piraeus, Chios, Mytilini— is served by Hellenic Seaways, with a daily 12.30 departure from Piraeus, arriving Chios at 7pm, continuing to Mytilini, and returning to Piraeus overnight. NEL Lines run three times weekly along the route from/to Samos to the south, and Mytilini, Lemnos, and Kavala, to the north. Smaller ferry-boats connect Chios with Psará (5 times weekly), and Oinousses (6 times weekly). Crossings to Turkey (Çeşme) run almost daily during the summer season (Easter–mid-October); thereafter much more infrequently.

Chios Travel Guide

beaches

Chios Island, Greece.

 

Lithi Beach

Emboreios Mavros Gialos

Chios Travel Guide

eating

Chios Island, Greece.

Delightful, welcoming and with fresh, imaginative dishes and good bourekakia (lightly filled and fried filo-pastry rolls), is the (recently much enlarged) taverna, Roussikó, in Thymianá (just east of the main church in the village).
In the main town of Chios: both "Byzantinio" and "Elleniki Kouzina", on opposite sides of the crossing of Ralli and Roïdou Streets between the port and the public gardens, are favoured by locals for their clean environment, inexpensive home-cooking and well-prepared, workaday food; no frills and no atmosphere, just simple food.
Iakovou (evenings only), on Aghios Giorgios Street in the Kastro, has more atmosphere and offers a number of Asia Minor dishes.
Around the island: Lefteris at Pandoukiós (just south of Langada on the northeast coast), Tria Adelphia on Lithí Beach (central west Chios) and the taverna, Limani Meston in Liménas (southwest Chios), all offer excellent, fresh fishdishes in pleasant settings by the shore; while Markellos at Pitiós is well-known for meat and vegetable dishes of local cuisine; and Pheragides offers mezes in the delightful setting of a plane-shaded plateia at Kardámyla in northeastern Chios.
The cliffs and rocky coasts of Chios are home to an aromatic samphire ("kritamo") which is a distinctive element of its salads—always worth asking for, if it has not already been included in the mixture. Chios also has a tradition of excellence in oriental pastries; the quality of the baklava and other sweets made by the Amandier Patisserie in Livanou Street (south side of port) is worthy of any Ottoman pastry-chef.

Chios Travel Guide

further reading

Chios Island, Greece.

For social history of the important families of Chios and for the events of 1821/2 the following site contains much valuable information: www. christopherlong.co.uk/pub/ chiosinfo.html

Chios Travel Guide

lodging

Chios Island, Greece.

A number of the nicest places to stay on Chios are in Kampos, to the south of the main town, in the elegant stone villas which are so characteristic of the area. Two, that are close to one another, and run by different members of the same family, are particularly recommended:
-Perivoli (Argenti Street, T. 22710 31513, fax 32042, www.perivolihotel. gr), and -Perleas (Vitiadou Street, T. 22710 32217, fax 32364, www.perleas.gr). Both offer simple accommodation and attentive hospitality, moderately priced, in elegant villas with gardens. Although signposted, neither is easy to find: if you call ahead, you will be piloted, or collected. There is public transport to this area, but a rental vehicle is advised. In the centre of town, at the south end of the port, is the Hotel Kyma in a stone-built mansion looking onto the sea (T. 22710 44500, fax 44600, email: kyma@chi. forthnet.gr); the antiquity of the plumbing and bedroom furniture are more than compensated for by the friendliness and attentive hospitality of the owners and by the charm of the building.
A different experience is offered by Spilia Xenonas at Kardámyla above the northeast coast, 23km from the port (T. 22720 22933, fax 22823, www. spilia-chios.gr). This is a group of small, carefully restored, characteristic, stone cottages at the top of the village, with views towards the sea in the distance: a good homemade breakfast is provided. Wooden signposts guide you up to the cottages on steep stone paths through the village; any car will need to be left some distance below.

Chios Travel Guide

museums

Chios Island, Greece.

Archaeological Museum
Byzantine Museum
Folklore Museum

Chios Travel Guide

practical info

Chios Island, Greece.

821 00/02 & 822 00 Chios: area 841 sq. km; perimeter 213km; resident population 51,060; max. altitude 1,297m. Port Authority: T. 22710 44433. Travel and information: Municipal Tourist Office, T. 22710 44389, www.chiosonline.gr

Chios Travel Guide

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