GIALI



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Giali - general

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Giali­ is the largest of the satellite islands of Nisyros, and one of the most productive quarries of pumice in the world. Its particularly fine and homogeneous deposits of pumice, reaching depths of almost 180m, have been exploited to the point of substantially altering the profile of the island. The strata in the cliffs created in this process are of particular interest to the vulcanologist seeking to understand the sequences of eruptions, as well as to the paleontologist for the fossilised or vulcanised remains of crustaceans and seeds which have been preserved in them. The pumice itself is used today in a range of abrasive household cleaning fluids sold all over the world. Recent excavations on the island have brought to light remains of many houses from the period of Ottoman occupation—evidence of an intensive pre-industrial exploitation of the material.
   Like Milos, Giali­ also has perlite deposits in the north of the island and obsidian in the northwest corner. The obsidian from Giali­ is distinguishable by its slightly spotted appearance as opposed to the darker, purer variety from Milos. The presence of these materials has meant that the island has been inhabited since earliest times: a significant Late Neolithic settlement, with dwellings (including a building of elliptical plan) and workshops, has been uncovered near the summit of the southwest part of the island: crucibles for smelting copper have also been found. There is less visible evidence of a Bronze Age presence even though it is clear there was a Minoan interest in the island’s obsidian. The reported remains of an Hellenistic ‘nymphaeum’ is congruent with the fact that the island surprisingly possesses many freshwater wells. Pliny refers to the island as ‘Cisirusa’; but it also bears the mediaeval name ‘Istros’, and is called ‘Veriali­s’ in the 17th cen tury, from which comes its modern name Giali­(s)’. The island’s resident population of 30 is supported wholly by its extraction industry. The west of the island is covered in a scrub of pine, arbutus and some olive; the southern peninsula boasts several of the best beaches to be found in this group of islands. These are visitable by excursion boat from Mandraki in the summer season.

 

 

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Giali Island is part of the Dodecanese Island Group, Greece.


access

Herakleia Island, Greece.

By boat: for such small islands as these, the ferry-services are frequent. The main-stay of communications is the F/B Express Skopelitis (with capacity for a small number of vehicles), which leaves Katapola on Amorgos daily in the early morning, and plies the route to Naxos, via Koufonisi, Schinousa, and Herakleia, returning (3pm) down the same line from Naxos: three days a week the route also includes Donousa.
Blue Star Ferries follows the same route three times weekly, con tinuing directly to Piraeus from Naxos.
Donousa is less well-connected, with one weekly service to Piraeus (7 hrs: currently Mondays) with Blue Star Ferries, and three weekly connections to Naxos and Amorgos (Mon, Wed, Fri) with the Express Skopelitis.

Herakleia Travel Guide

eating

Herakleia Island, Greece.

To Steki, the taverna-cumbakery in Panaghiá, serves the best home-cooking with fresh cheeses, fava and goat dishes on the menu.
In Aghios Giorgios, To Pefko has good fare and an attractive position

Herakleia Travel Guide

further reading

Herakleia Island, Greece.

For a sense of the variety of readings and animated academic de bate surrounding Early Cycladic figurines, see: Colin Renfrew, The Cycladic Spirit: Masterpieces from the Nicholas Goulandris Collection, New York, 1991; Pat Getz Gentle, Personal Styles in Early Cycladic Sculpture, University of Wisconsin Press 2001; Cyprian Broodbank, An Island Archaeology of the Early Cyclades, Cambridge Uuniversity Press, 2002.

Herakleia Travel Guide

practical info

Herakleia Island, Greece.

843 00
Herakleia: area 18sq.km
perimeter 29km
resident population 133
max. altitude 419 m.
Port Authority: T. 22850 22300 (Naxos).
Travel and in formation: Gavalas Travel, T. 22850 71561, www. iraklia.gr

Herakleia Travel Guide

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