KOS



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Kos - Antimachia and the West of the Island - Antimachia, Mastichari and Kardamaina - Mastichari

Mastichari
Almost 2km west of the pleasant harbour of Mastichari (with seasonal ferry to Kalymnos), 4km north of Antimachia, are the remains of the 5th century basilica of Aghios Ioannis (reached in 20 minutes by a shore line promenade and path west from the harbour along the coast). The glory of these finds was the extensive and or nate floor-mosaics, most of which have now been covered with gravel for protection: some are still visible, however, in the adjoining rooms to the south of the main basilica. The designs are mostly complex abstract decorations in four principal colours, with occasional insets of birds: in the north aisle are a series of larger animals. The three-aisled basilica itself appears to have been wide (c. 15m) in relation to its length (22m): stairs at the west, show that it had a gallery for women. The impression of width was increased externally by the addition of three rooms constituting a parecclesion or rooms for the clergy on the south side, and a baptistery and ante-room on the north side. The baptismal font, lined with polychrome marbles (including some alabaster), is still visible at the centre of the baptistery—an unusual architectural space, once domed overhead, with mosaic floor below, and its four corners moulded into recessed niches. This highly articulated and decorated space was preceded by a sober, rectangular ‘waiting-room’, with terracotta-tile floor: it has benches around its walls on which the catechumens waited for their call to spiritual re-birth. The apse of the main basilica had the synthronon steps typical of this period; the masonry table of the prothesis, where the elements of the Eucharist are prepared, is visible to its south. The church would have been at the centre of a commensurately large community: excavations in the area have revealed some of its remains, beneath the encroaching modern constructions.


Kos Island is part of the Dodecanese Island group
Mastichari.


Random information you might what to know about Kos Island
Principal points of interest
Ottoman aqueduct

 

access

Kos Island, Greece.

By air: Kos has an international airport in the centre of the island at a distance of 23 km from Kos Town, with twice daily connections from Athens by both Olympic Air and Aegean Airlines, and charter arrivals from many destinations in Northern Europe. There are also local (Olympic)flights three times weekly to Astypalaia, Leros and Rhodes.
   By boat: There are daily services by catamaran (Dodecanese Express), and four times weekly by car ferry (F/B Nisos Kalymnos), plying the route between Rhodes, Kos, Kalymnos, Leros, Patmos (& Samos – ferry only): to Piraeus and Rhodes, Blue Star Ferries run four times weekly ferries, and GA Ferries (who include Nisyros, Tilos and Symi en route) three times weekly. The faster Flying Dolphin services link Kos also with the smaller Dodecanese Islands between Samos in the north and Rhodes in the south, and run daily in summer. From Kardamaina on the southeast coast there is a daily connection with Nisyros throughout the year, weather permitting.

Kos Travel Guide

eating

Kos Island, Greece.

In the town centre, for inexpensive and genuine fare, with good fresh, local wine, the small taverna Kriti (just below the steps northwest of the central church of Aghia Paraskevì) on Ypsilantou Street is reliable and convivial: while, nearby, the Kafeneion Aenaos in front of the Deftedar Mosque, opposite the Central Market building, makes a proper Greek coffee. Many of the most interesting and enjoyable places to eat, however, are a little out of the centre; for a delightful rural, courtyard setting, the Taverna Ambavris (in Ambavris, 1 km along the road south (left) from just beyond the Casa Romana /Roman House as you approach it from the centre of town) is to be recommended; while at the crossroads in Platani, (1.7 km from the port along the road to the Asklepieion), Ali"s is a Turkish restaurant with some good quasi-Turkish dishes, very popular with locals for Sunday lunch. To Palaio Pyli, 1 km below Palaio Pyli, has good fish, hospitable welcome and a good sunset view. With comparable sunset view, home-grown wine and home-made traditional dishes, the quiet and friendly -Taverna Panorama (2.5 km up the Asfendiou road from Zipari) in a family house and garden, is highly recommended. It is perhaps the most genuine place on the island to eat.

Kos Travel Guide

further reading

Kos Island, Greece.

Susan Sherwin-White’s Ancient Cos – an Historical Study etc. (the most authoritative and detailed study of the island in Antiquity); Vassilis Colonas, Italian Architecture in the Dodecanese Islands (Olkos Press, Athens, 2002), for the buildings and architectural ideas of the Italian occupation; the Hippocratic Corpus, selected and translated as The Medical Works of Hippocrates, by Chadwick and Mann (Oxford, Blackwell).

Kos Travel Guide

lodging

Kos Island, Greece.

Outside of the tourist complexes, the most comfortable place to stay in Kos is at the Kos Aktis Hotel (T.22420 47200; www.kosaktis.gr) which is stylish and modern, and has a good restaurant; it is conveniently and centrally placed near the castle, and all its rooms have balconies overlooking the shore towards the Turkish coast. The price is moderate to expensive. For the hospitality, friendliness and helpfulness of the owner, the family-run Hotel Afendoulis (T.22420 25321, fax 25797), just in from the shore to the south of the centre on Evripidou Street, is a pleasant guest-house, but with basic rooms (inexpensive).

Kos Travel Guide

practical info

Kos Island, Greece.

85 300 Kos: area 287sq km; perimeter 112km; resident population 26,379; maximum altitude 843m.
Port Authority: T. 22420 26594–7 & 24185.
Travel and information: Panos Tours, T. 22420 23078, fax 28068.

Kos Travel Guide

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