Oinousses - general


In 2004, an 80-foot mid-4th century bc cargo-vessel, carrying around 400 amphorae of wine, was found underwater, wrecked in the channel between Chios and Oinousses; and in the same year a Roman shipwreck with similar cargo was identified off the west of Chios. These are neither the first nor the last of many such submarine finds: each new season, it seems, brings more evidence of the formidable quantity of wine traded through these waters in Antiquity. The name Oinousses, or Ancient Oinousa, means ‘rich in wine’. That richness could have been in the production, but was more probably in the trading, of wine. The nine or ten islands that comprise the archipelago of Oinousses are not naturally rich in any produce; their economic potential lies solely in their strategic position as stepping-stones between Asia and Chios—proximity to the rich markets of Chios, Ephesus and Smyrna (Izmir), and a well-protected harbour. Without boats, and wine to trade, the islands would have been nothing. It is a parable of the indomitable Hellenic spirit—the Greek ‘emporiko pnevma’ or ‘commercial enterprise’—that these islands, which are about as productive as Coll or Tiree in the Hebrides, should have given rise to several of the wealthiest families in Europe, principally ship-brokers, who have dominated the international world of commercial navigation. Greek families still control, between them, the largest merchant navy in the world, and perhaps as many as a third of those families hail from these obscure islands in the channel between Turkey and Greece. Since earliest times boats have signified freedom and enterprise for the Greeks. Greek civilisation is predicated on them. And on the exchange of goods and ideas which they promote. On Oinousses the choices for survival were simple: either boats or goat-herding.
   The visitor who comes expecting a sophisticated and well provided-for island in consequence of this immense wealth will be disappointed. There are statues of shipping grandees; some smart villas; a beautifully appointed Nautical Museum; a modern football stadium (somewhat out of proportion to its setting and the island’s size); and a state-of-the-art nunnery which does not encourage visitors. But, as ways of repatriating wealth from the prestigious families to the community, the projects visible on Oinousses are all slightly self-serving: some respectable street paving, a cafe or two, and a shop might have helped more to re-animate the declining community, and would have cost far less. The contrast with Andros and Syros (whose wealth also derives from important ship ping families) is marked, in this respect. Oinousses still feels like a forgotten frontier. Its peacefulness, the wide views into Turkey and to Chios afforded by walks over its hills, and the dense and unusually varied vegetation of its garrigue, are its greatest attractions.


The local ferry boat from Chios, Oinoussai III (T. 22710 25074), runs daily except Tues, leaving Oinousses for Chios early in the morning, and returning after lunch. Crossing time: 1hr.
Two small water-taxis ply the shorter route between Oinousses and Langada (NE Chios) at all hours, on demand (T. 6944 168 104).

Oinousses Travel Guide


Eating is also very limited. The only fully-fledged taverna is the pleasant enough Taverna Pateròniso, set back a little way from the harbour front; up in the town are a couple of shops that double as small eateries. The fare is basic at them all, and there is little to choose between them.

Oinousses Travel Guide

further reading

One chapter of Hellas (Collins, London, 1987) by Nicholas Gage is devoted to the shipping families of Oinousses— more entertaining, than strictly accurate.

Oinousses Travel Guide


Lodging is limited to the Thalassoporos Hotel (T. 22720 55745) where the accommodation is basic, but the owners are particularly friendly.

Oinousses Travel Guide

practical info

82 101 Oinousses: area 14 sq. km; perimeter 35km; resident population 686; max. altitude 182 m. Port Authority: Oinousses, T. 22710 55394; Chios, T. 22710 44433.
The archipelago consists of about 10 islands: Oinousses is the largest and the only one continuously to be inhabited; Panaghia (or Pasas), Vatos, Pontikoniso, Gaidouroniso (or Gavathi), Archontoniso, lie to the east; Aghios Panteleimon and Pateroniso, lie just outside the harbour; and the two small islets referred to as the ‘Prasonisi’, lie to the west.

Oinousses Travel Guide

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