Pythagoreio lies on the south coast, 12km from the main port of Vathi; it is the principal port for the smaller fer ries, catamarans and hydrofoils that ply the routes south through the Dodecanese. It occupies only a part of the area covered by the ancient city of Samos ; in the Middle Ages and up until the 1950s its name was ‘Tigani’, a corruption of the Italian word for a (customs) warehouse, ‘dogana’, which was set up here in the 12th and 13th cen turies by Venetian merchants; thereafter it was re-named ‘Pythagoreio’ in honour of its most distinguished son, the 6th century bc philosopher, mathematician and spiritual teacher, Pythagoras. The town is almost entirely given over to a seasonal tourism, favoured by proximity to the island’s airport and to long stretches of beach. The sur rounding area and the port itself contain the most significant archaeological sites on the island, which are the subject of the next sections. This first section will cover points of interest of the post-Antique periods only

Samos Island is part of the Northern Aegean Island Group, Greece.

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